The Lokichar-Lamu Crude Oil Pipeline (LLCOP), also known as the Kenya Crude Oil Pipeline, is a proposed oil pipeline that would originate in the South Lokichar Basin, near the town of Lokichar, Turkana County, in northwest Kenya, and would end at the new Lamu Port in Lamu County. It is a sub-component of the broader LAPSSET Corridor Project. The LLCOP will be jointly developed by the Pipeline Project Management Team (PPMT) in conjunction with the LAPSSET Corridor Development Authority (LCDA). Developed as a joint partnership between the Kenya Government and the oil companies’ consortium of Tullow Oil Kenya B.V, Africa Oil Turkana Ltd and Total Oil (formally Maersk Oil). The construction for the 892km pipeline is expected to begin in 2019, and completed in 2022.
EIA PROCESS TRACKER
Lamu-Lokichar Crude Oil Pipeline
EIA Study Phase
The following key issues were noted:
- The ESIA report alluded to the fact that they conducted radio announcements in local radio stations in each of the six (6) counties of oil pipeline traverse. However, a media order, the dates and the name of the radio stations are not provided in the report.
- There is inadequate feedback on key concerns around land acquisition and compensation.
Please note that the link to the ESIA report provided here, directs one to the NEMA website where all documents and annexures have been provided for, separately. All the separate sections of the ESIA document could not be uploaded, given since each document is bulky.
EIA Study Review Phase
Some of the key issues noted were:-
- The land acquisition process is still underway though the LLCOP will be leasing the land from the government once it has acquired it through a compulsory process. NLC did not quantify the land that will be leased for and for how long. There hasn’t been any compensation yet despite the swift pace of the project implementation
- The heated pipe will be plastic which raised concerns from the community vis-à-vis carcinogens
- While there was an assurance of 7000 jobs along the project line, there was no assurance that this employment will be sourced from the host communities
- The plan for water use and management remains vague, there isn’t a provision in their report for how much water per volume they are planning to use along the project area especially noting that Garissa is a semi-arid area that cannot afford the loss of its aquifier reserves.
- The proponents have still not instituted a climate change analysis, their environmental analysis doesn’t take into consideration the long term effects on the land through a heated plastic pipe (despite its insulation), the effect of diesel generators which will be placed along the project area, or the effects on local bio-diversity in the long-term who will likely shift their migratory routes to avoid the area. Another issue that hasn’t been considered is the already evident changes to rainfall patterns making it difficult to anticipate when and where animals will be migrating. The project assumes that rainfall will follow the previous twice yearly pattern which has not been the case for half a decade at least.
- The community continues to have concerns around the felling of trees along the project area to make way for the various components of the project. The proponents maintain that they will not be replanting any trees, they will prepare the area for natural rehabilitation which could take very long. They do not also assure the community that the heated plastic pipe will not influence regrowth.
- The community also remains concerned for the various fauna endemic to the region, especially the nearly extinct Hirola antelope. It was clear that the community had not gotten adequate response to this, despite the fact that they had raised the concerns multiple times.
It was agreed that the County Government of Garissa would present written comments, raising these concerns to the proponents.
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