Kenya’s Lamu communities launch a united Biocultural Community Protocol

By Natural Justice

For the Lamu communities, the launch of the Biocultural Community Protocol is not the end of a process, but the start of a new one.

For immediate release

02 April 2019

Today, 02 April 2019, in Lamu Town, Kenya, communities in Lamu were able to proudly launch their Biocultural Community Protocol, following a process involving different stakeholders, including Natural Justice.

We have been able to provide technical and training support since 2010, when we were invited by the Lamu community to discuss their frustrations around the failure of the government of Kenya to include them in decisions on proposed development activities in the Lamu archipelago. The area was earmarked for a 32-berth mega port, a component of the Lamu Port, South Sudan, Ethiopia Transport Corridor (LAPSSET) Project and a proposed 1050MW Lamu Coal Power Plant. So far, the construction of the Lamu Port has begun.

The Kenyan government’s decisions also failed to take into account the environmental and cultural impacts on the communities. An inclusive and representative BCP process has provided the impetus to formulate a common vision for the area and to strengthen communities’ responses to these development decisions and the impacts that have been felt by the communities.

This process involved consultations with 47 different communities across the archipelago, representing fishers, farmers, traditional healers, hunter-gatherers, pastoralists, harvesters and others, from the indigenous groupings of the Bajun, Aweer, Sanye, Orma and Swahili.

It was initiated and undertaken by representatives of each of these indigenous groups who made up the BCP committee. Soon thereafter, in 2011, the BCP committee morphed into Save Lamu, the community organisation spearheading the grassroots responses to the developments, documenting concerns and initiating processes of engagement.

The BCP process involved many activities, including the articulation of community-identified issues, participatory action research, focus group discussions, community mapping, community visioning, legal training and drafting and feedback of the BCP.

The articulation of the community’s desires through their BCP process has also led to a number of advocacy efforts and litigation. The community of Lamu’s fight against the illegal nature of the port development was upheld by the High Court of Kenya in 2018, a case that Natural Justice was proud to support.

The process of developing the BCP for Lamu has proven to be a very powerful, participatory one. Although it has taken a long time, from the perspective of Natural Justice who is one of the pioneers of the development of BCPs globally, it has been a strong process. It is a community initiative that has managed to connect with residents who have never before had their views heard.” – Gino Cocchiaro, Director Extractives and Infrastructure, Natural Justice.

Natural Justice must congratulate the communities involved for uniting behind a common vision. The BCP will provide the community with an engagement and referral tool for future interactions. The BCP shows the importance of their voice and will be instructive in responding to current and future developments.” – Rose Birgen, Senior Programme Officer, Natural Justice.

For the Lamu communities, this is not the end of a process, but the start of a new one.


For media inquiries, contact Rose Birgen

2 April 2019


Community Protocols



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